By the concord of the year 1555 is drawn to the brotherhoods of the position by seniority, or special privilege; as of Colomera, I was:
Andújar Arjona, Colomera, Lucena, Aguilar, Antequera, Almodóvar del Campo, Almagro, Córdoba, La Rambla and Osuna. From 1556 it will debut at the festival on the rest of them until 1595: Ciudad Real, Iznajar, Baena, Rute, Benamejí, Goat, Bujalance, Baeza, Teba, Martos, Alcalá la Real, Montoro, Torredonjimeno, Écija, Towers, Alhama, Loja, Archidona, Monturque, Alcaudete, Mancha Real, Pedrera, Bailén, Steppe, Guadix, Montefrio, Castro del Río, Priego, Bathrooms, Mengíbar, Vilchez, Linares, Torrenueva, Valdepeñas, Bridge of Don Jimeno, Cañete, Villacarrillo, Lopera, El Carpio, Cazalilla, Santiago, Huelma, Almaden, Villafranca, Illora, Montilla, Montemayor, Mirror, Torre del Campo, The Hinojosa and Velez Malaga.
In total, sixty-three brotherhoods were at the end of the SIXTEENTH century. Over the following century the number of these increased to seventy-five. Some had to leave to attend the festival to the end of the SEVENTEENTH century, telling then the sixty nine, including between the above indicated in Úbeda, Montalban, Cambil, Alhabar, Arjonilla, Luque and Fernán Núñez. The number of fraternities remain in the EIGHTEENTH century. At the end of the NINETEENTH century added to the sixty-nine, Jaén, Santa Fe, The Fig tree, Porcuna, Villanueva, and Madrid –the latter with only a representation, without being brotherhood -. Currently, 2022, sixty and seven brotherhoods subsidiaries, two pro brotherhoods and a parish group attend each year to the festival and feast of the apparition, August 11. The order of the same corresponds for the most moderna to the oldest.
There are guilds or associations in different parts of the world where it is given cult of the Virgin of the Head. These celebrated pilgrimage and other religious faiths and cultural. Thus we have in Burjassot (Valencia), Formentera (Balearic islands), Pore Alegre (Brazil), Valdehorna (Zaragoza), Meres-Pola de Siero
(Asturias), Iruecha (Soria), Maria (Almería), Tudela (Navarra), Monteagud (Almería), Ojós (Murcia), etc.
We can say that the current distribution of the devotion to the Virgen de la Cabeza in Spain is extended by the Autonomous Communities of Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, the Balearic islands, Catalonia, Castilla - La Mancha, Castilla - León, Extremadura, Galicia, Madrid, Murcia, Navarre and Valencia. There was also devotion in the Canary Islands.
The brotherhoods of Colomera and Andujar or Andújar and Colomera are united in acts entitled, is due to a Royal Decree of Carlos III, awarded to the first, on November 25, 1786, to make their inputs together at the sanctuary.
All the guilds regulated his life through statutes. Arjonilla made his presentation in the procession of 1611. The charges that were chosen in 1692 were: A butler, mayors and law enforcement officials; those required to fulfil the obligations that had the same. In the NINETEENTH century were responsible for a big brother, second lieutenant, chaplain, mayor of brotherhood, wardens, treasurer and citador. The election, held on the Sunday of the Holy Trinity –month of may - in the chapel of Santiago. The badges that they wore were composed of a square flag, a dash of white and another in the flesh, all of silk, a banner of velvet crimson gold embroidery and scepter and staff for the older brother and the mayor, respectively.
Quite significant was the banner was commissioned in 1614 to a needlework of Jaén, who took the image of the Virgin of the Head and shepherd, on the one hand, and on the other to Saint Roque, the patron saint of Arjonilla. He hung with silver bells and tassels of silk.
The brotherhood of Lucena (Córdoba) had an important standard, currently preserved, embroidered in the SIXTEENTH century, in velvet scarlet, and of large dimensions, where gold appears the appearance of the Virgin of the Head.
Of great size were also the banners of the guilds of Mengíbar (Jaén), contracted in 1574 to a needlework of Jaén. This last city had in the EIGHTEENTH century one of damascus white, the other red, and two flags. Torredonjimeno, by their statutes of 1859, granted by Elizabeth II, had two flags on which were the coat of arms of the town, a gallardete and three scepters; the older brother's topped with the image of the Virgin of the Head. The brotherhood of Linares made his banner between 1669 and 1670, was of green velvet and gold.
The first banner of the brotherhood of Alcalá la Real is made in 1580 by the father of Juan Martínez Montañez. In 1596 was commissioned another embroiderer in granada, appearing the iconography of the Virgin of the Head and Saint Dominic, patron saint of the city, it was made in velvet crimson.
The brotherhood of Priego of Córdoba was founded in 1573, made the presentation at the pilgrimage the following year. It was located in the chapel of St Sebastian, later called the Virgin of the Head. In 1586 was placed an image of this Lady, made in stone of the Filabres, in the Fountain of the King; today's Health.
Guild glory of the Virgin of the Head of Seville was established in 1561, in the convent of the Carmen, celebrating feast-general on the last Sunday of April in the city of Seville. Their rules were approved by the bishopric in 1564, had 24 chapters. Again in 1573 approved a second rule with 53 chapters. Although its constitution said that I should attend the romería de Andújar; however, it was not until the TWENTIETH century.
The image of the Virgin is a sculpture of the XVI century, attributed to Roque Balduque, having been gilded by the silversmith Agustín Velázquez. Currently has its headquarters in the church of San Juan de la Palma. In the 1630s was to found a guild of Ntra. Lady of the Head, in the province of Cadiz, in the convent of the PP. Barefoot franciscans with the title of San Diego.
Another guild subsidiary of great antiquity is that of Granada, founded in 1548, but that did not attend the pilgrimage. In 1998 commemorated the 450th anniversary of its founding. Got a home of their own in the environment of the Real Sanctuary, on land ceded by the City of Andújar.
To Burjassot, it was taken the devotion to la Morenita of the Sierra Morena by San Juan Rivera in 1605. Canonically is crowned since 1927 by the Bishop of Vic, Francisco Muñoz Left. In the year 2002 marked his guild's 75th birthday, with different religious and cultural acts. Do not attend the guild to the pilgrimage of Andújar.
The origin of the cult of the Virgin in Formentera dates back to the initiative of a group of friends, who between them held the day, until in 1996 agreed to visit the shrine of the Sierra Morena. From then on held a feast romera on the Beach of playa Mitjorn, for the following year to organise a mass, procession of the image, wreath and lunch guild. The statutes were approved by the bishop of Ibiza in march of 1998.
In the province of Zaragoza da cult of the Virgin of the Head in Valdehorna, carried there by a pilgrim of Andújar, according to legend, at the end of the SIXTEENTH century, leaving an image in the chapel of San Bartolomé, to later pass to the parish, edificándole in 1681 a chapel, situated on the cruise, on the part of the epistle with a dome and lantern.
The festivals of moors and christians from some villages in Spain, are united to the devotion of the Virgin of the Head, such as occurs in Campillo de Arenas (Jaén), Bédar, Benamaurel, Capileira, Montejicar, Zujar, etc, all of these towns of the province of Granada.
The presence of the devotion to the Virgin of the Head in Latin america, is due to those who were to those lands accompanying the conquistadors. So in Argentina, Peru, Mexico, Chile and Brazil, there has been and there is worship. In Lima (Peru) began in the SEVENTEENTH century in the neighborhood of Malambo. In the decade of the 90s of the TWENTIETH century, the sanctuary of Andújar sent an image of the Virgin of the sculptor González Orea, to resume the worship there. In Porto Alegre (Brazil) - based canonical in the parish of Our Lady of the Conceiçao (Our Lady of the Conception), is a cofradía de Ntra. Mrs. of the Head, which has more than three hundred brothers, which saw its statutes approved in 1990.
Choice of charges
A peculiarity in the choice of the Older Brother is to be found in the brotherhood of El Carpio (Córdoba); that is, gathered in Council, wrote the name of the brothers, who pretended to the charge, on some cards, which are placed in a hat and called to a child, that he was on the street, to take a. Those who fail to obtain the position entered in the draw for the next year.
In other cases, as in that of Baños de la Encina (Jaén), the designation of charge-up, after the deliberation of the brothers gathered in effect, agreeing to act in the designated; however, if you do not manage to unanimity resorted to the secret ballot vote to see who got the majority.
The secret ballot, to choose the charges, was the formula used by the brotherhood of Torres (Jaén) in the SIXTEENTH century, who gathered in the parish of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, the first Sunday after 8 September, designating a prioste, two mayors and two stewards.
The brotherhood of Lopera (Jaén), in its chapter IV, rule 1, of the Statutes of 1854 he ordered the election of brother made for sweepstakes or vote on 8 September, the feast of the Birth of the Virgin.
In 1859 the brotherhood of Torredonjimeno elegy to his older brother by unanimous vote of the brethren, but, in case of disagreement resorted to the sweepstakes. Also in the same council named two assistants, who had been the older siblings in previous years, with the mission of spreading out the wax and guard, each one a key to the ark, where they kept the properties of the brotherhood. Other charges were the secretary and chaplain.
The brotherhoods who attended the festival had a large tents, white, waxed, to shelter from the inclemency of the weather, sometimes in the spring are extreme. Others had their own house in the surroundings of the shrine, such as that of Sabiote (Jaén), which he built in 1900; to which the brothers provided a bushel of wheat each, and varying amounts of money during the previous two years, hiring the works of two master masons of Lopera.
The de Mengibar built his first house in 1901, disappearing as the previous in the Civil War, to set it up again in the decade of the sixties of the XX century.
Lopera acquired the land for his in 1857 by the amount of one thousand three hundred thirty real, not by beginning the conversation until 1880. To defray the expenses were raffles, paid dues, extra members, etc
In 1903, the town council of the brotherhood of Torredonjimeno took the agreement to build your house in the surroundings of the Sanctuary, for which acquired the necessary land to the marchioness dowager of Falcez.
In times peers in the same place serrano built homes for a second residence and the city donates the land to the guilds that want to build a house. Also the rocks mirabrás have their hostel, opened in 2008.
The life of the brotherhoods subsidiaries, as we saw in the de Andújar, was governed by the Statutes or Ordinances, which included a series of rules, rights and obligations, that its members should observe, in order to make sense of their belonging to them.
In addition to the choice of charges, which we saw earlier, it is envisaged the part of care to their members, or reconciliation; in the case that some were angry among themselves, as we know by the ordinances of Fernán Núñez (Córdoba).
Those seeking entrance into a guild had to prove, in some cases, that they were “old christians”, as in those of Úbeda and Arjonilla.
To be accepted as brothers brought a candle with your washer; this to protect your hand from potential burns from the wax. It was used in the procession and other processions.
The entry of a brother had to be with the approval of the council-general of the brotherhood; such as it happened in the Aguilar (Córdoba), thus preventing it from accepting any undesirable for all. A way of selection, so that not all the world could belong to her.
The charges in the brotherhoods had a duration of one year, not clarifying the statutes if they could continue, the same people, for a longer time if you were reelegidas.
The entry fee was different according to each brotherhood, considering sometimes the personal circumstances of the guild. The brotherhood of Cambil (Jaén) asked those who came to her, and they were married, twelve real for him and his wife, while the single was paid half, but if married paid six real by his wife.
In the last quarter of the SIXTEENTH century, those who wished to enter into the brotherhood of Torres (Jaén, spain) had to give twelve real, while the children were asked four.
The suit he wore in the procession was similar to that of the brotherhood of Andújar, as discussed earlier. The ordinances provided for penalties to those who breach: do Not pay the fee, a public scandal, having been convicted by the courts or infringe the chapter of “purity of blood”, the one who had it.
The expenses that the guilds had throughout the year were derivatives of their charitable activities, religious, educational and playful, in addition to the maintenance of the household: a house in the surroundings of the Sanctuary or tent to stay on a pilgrimage.
Brotherhood of Colomera
Street Gold # 3
18564. Colomera. (Granada)
Mobile: 664 03 46 74
s/n Martos (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Alcalá la Real
C/ Virgen de la Cabeza
118. Alcalá la Real (JAÉN)
C/ Fresno nº34
14960. Rute (Córdoba)
Brotherhood of Arjonilla
C/ Santiago s/n
23750. Arjonilla (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Puertollano
C/ Virgen de la Cabeza
13500. Puertollano (Ciudad Real)
Brotherhood of Lopera
C/ Humilladero nº25 Lopera (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Jaén
Plaza de la Merced s/n 23002. JAÉN
Plaza San Martín s/n
23760. Arjona (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Bailén
Tejares nº26 house no. 12
Brotherhood of Torredonjimeno
C/ Consolation nº47 – low,
23650. Torredonjimeno (Jaén)
Ctra. the Sanctuary # 3
23748. Virgin of the Head (Jaén)
Brotherhood of Valenzuela
C/ Ancha # 3
14670. Valenzuela (CÓRDOBA)
Guild Cañete de las Torres
C/ Mother of God nº58
14660. Cañete de las Torres (CORDOBA)
Brotherhood of the Higuera de Calatrava
Plaza de España s/n
23611. Higuera de Calatrava (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Mancha Real
C/ Virgen de la Cabeza s/n
23100. Mancha Real (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Mengibar
C/ Virgen del Castillo s/n
23220. Vilches (JAÉN)
C/ San Pedro s/n
23700. Linares (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Villanueva de la Reina
Square of the Constitution # 11
23730. Villanueva de la Reina (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of the Fig tree
C/ Federico García Lorca 2
23746. Lahiguera (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Sabiote
C/ San José 1
23410. Sabiote (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of the Castillo de Locubín
C/ Blas Infanten º13
23760. Castillo de Locubín (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Alcaudete
C/ Jesus # 32
23660. Alcaudete (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Benalúa de las Viñas
C/ Church s/n
18566. Benalúa de las Villas (GRANADA)
Brotherhood of Montillana
C/ Cross # 1
18569. Montillana (GRANADA)
Brotherhood of Madrid
C/ Arenal # 13
Brotherhood of Granada
C/ Puentezuelas nº22
Brotherhood of Cordoba
C/ Compass of San Francisco s/n
Plaza de España s/n
14600. Montoro (CÓRDOBA)
Brotherhood of The Carpio
C/ The Holy nº38
14620. El Carpio (CÓRDOBA)
Brotherhood of Daimiel
Brotherhood of Seville
C/ San Luis nº9
Brotherhood of Jamilena
Plaza of Spain 1
23658. Jamilena (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Noalejo
C/ July 18, no. 6
23140. Noalejo (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Deposit of the King
Cerro de la Horca, s/n
23180. Fuerte del Rey (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Maníses
c/ Rafael Suria nº25
46940. Manises (Valencia)
Cofradía El Toboso
Guild Campillo de Arenas
C/ Carril de la Ermita, s/n
23130. Campillo de Arenas (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Alcalá de Henares
C/ Gallegos # 1
28807. Alcalá de Henares (MADRID)
Brotherhood of Almodóvar del campo
Brotherhood of Inheritance
Plaza del Angel s/n
14850. Baena (CORDOBA)
Brotherhood of Cazalila
Plaza de la Constitución no. 5
23628. Cazalilla (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Jódar
C/ Juan Martin 1
23500. Jódar (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Carchelejo
Plaza de la Constitución 2
23192. Carchelejo (JAÉN)
Brotherhood in Catalonia
C/ Aprestadora nº3
08902 L'hospitalet de Llobregat (BCN)
Cofradía de los Villares (Jaén)
Brotherhood of Cardeñas
Brotherhood of Valdepeñas
Valdepeñas (CIUDAD REAL)
Brotherhood of Ciudad Real
C/ North nº3
13003. CIUDAD REAL
Brotherhood of Villargordo
Square Our Lady of the Assumption nº7
23630. Villargordo (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Huelva
C/ Fermín Requena 5
21002. (The Mill) HUELVA
Brotherhood of Benamejí
C/ Cádiz nº9
Brotherhood of the Carolina
C/ San Pablo n º 42
23200. La Carolina (JAÉN)
Brotherhood of Malaga
C/ Duero # 1
Cofradía Virgen de la Cabeza de Torres
Cofradía Virgen de la Cabeza Torreblascopedro
Pablo Picasso nº25
23510. Torreblascopedro (Spain)
Brotherhood of Teba
Cofradía Virgen de la cabeza Jerez de la Frontera
C/ Picadueña Low s/n
11408. Jerez de la Frontera
Brotherhood of Almeria
Camino Real, Vícar
Cofradía Virgen De La Cabeza Palma del Rio
Calle Cardenal Portocarrero # 1
Cofradía Virgen De La Cabeza de Cabra
Cofradía Virgen de la Cabeza de Bujalance
Cofradía Virgen de la Cabeza de Murcia
Cofradía Virgen De La Cabeza Luque
Calle Villalba 27
Guild Palma del Río
Córdoba avenue # 6
14700. Palma del Rio (CORDOBA)
C/ Sidewalk of the Trinity # 10-12
Church of San Bartolomé
C/ Crossings # 2
Church of the Holy Cross
C/ Trascastillo 4
C/ Barriada Santa Ana no. 1